ABOUT SIBIU, ROMANIA
Sibiu (Hermannstadt in German) was the largest and wealthiest of the seven walled citadels (Siebenburgen) built starting in the 12th century by German settlers known as ‘Transylvanian Saxons’.
The riches amassed by its guilds paid for the construction of both impressive buildings and the fortifications required to protect them.
Sibiu’s Old Town retains the grandeur of its earlier days when rich and powerful guilds dominated regional trade.
Like Sighisoara and Brasov, it has a distinctly Germanic feeling. Sections of the medieval wall still guard the historic area, where narrow streets pass steep-roofed 17th century buildings with gable overhangs before opening into vast, church-dominated squares such as Great Square and Little Square.
Sibiu is a pedestrian-friendly city with two distinct sections: the Upper Town, home to most of Sibiu’s historic sights, and the Lower Town, lined with colorful houses on cobblestone streets and bounded by imposing city walls and defense towers overlooking the river Cibin.
In 1797, Samuel von Hahnemann opened in Sibiu the world’s first homeopathic laboratory
Sibiu is home to the first hospital in Romania (1292), the first pharmacy (1494) and the oldest museum in Romania, the Brukenthal Museum, opened in 1817
The first book in the Romanian language was printed in Sibiu in 1544.
Traditionally, the Upper-Town was wealthier and concentrated businessmen and tradesmen; the Lower-Town served as the manufacturing area. Within the limits of Sibiu Old Town are Sibiu’s major attractions including the Great Square, Huet Square, the beautiful
Passage of Steps (which connects the upper town to the lower town), Goldsmiths’ Square, the Smaller Square as well as the Bridge of Lies.
HOW TO REACH THE CITY OF SIBIU
Sibiu is easily accessible from Bucharest (Bucuresti):
By plane (45 minutes)
By train (approximately 5 hours and 30 minutes)
By car – via scenic routes over the Carpathians (approximately 4 hours and 30 minutes).
Direct flights from/to: Vienna
Direct flights from/to: Bucharest, Germany, Italy and Spain
Direct flights from/to: Munich
Direct flights from/to: Bucharest, Germany and Switzerland
Other nearby airport:
CLUJ INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT – https://www.airportcluj.ro